The Treaties and the
construction of Europe over the last fifty years has
been marked by a series of treaties that have made it
possible to lay the foundations of the European Union as
we know it today. The European Constitution represents a
decisive act providing coherence to the European Union
as a whole and establishing new objectives. A new era
is unfolding before us. The following chapter provides
the chronology of all of the treaties prior to the
Constitution of 2004.
The European Constitution
democratic foundation of a reunited Europe. The European
Constitution achieves a dual objective: the
strengthening of the efficiency of the European
institutions and the uniting of Europe and its citizens.
In addition, it offers new perspectives, especially in
regards to the confirmation of a true European identity
in the international arena.
2003 The Convention on the future of Europe
unique forum that met between February 2002 and July
2003 uniting more than 100 representatives from the
Member States, the European Commission and the European
Parliament as well as the national parliaments. Its goal
was to resolve the dilemmas left pending by the Nice
Treaty and by the problems presented by an enlarged
Europe, especially the competence and the
democratization of the Union.
The Nice Treaty
treaty aimed to adapt the functions of the European
Institutions and the decision-making mechanisms to
accommodate an enlarged Europe.
The Amsterdam Treaty
treaty established the strengthened co-operation
agreements among the States that wanted to forge ahead.
It strengthened the European Parliament's decision power
alongside the Council of Ministers and enabled the
latter to utilize majority voting in a wider range of
The Maastricht Treaty
treaty founded the European Union and created two new
areas of co-operation: the common foreign and security
policy (CFSP) and justice and internal affairs (JIA). It
launched the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) with the
euro as a legal currency in 1999. Finally, it founded
The Single Act
treaty established the Single Market on January 1th, 1993, providing new dynamism to the construction of Europe. It
established the free movement of people, merchandise,
services and capital across the entire European Union.
The Rome Treaties
six founding countries signed two treaties in Rome
creating the European Economic Community (EEC) and the
European Community for Atomic Energy (Euratom).
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